Indian jujube wood is reddish, fine-textured, hard and durable. (Morton, 1987). (1949); 38, 324. leaves of Ziziphus mauritiana L. and Ziziphus spina-christi L. compared with Ascorbic acid Abalaka, M. E.1*, Mann, A.2 and Adeyemo S. O.3 1Department of Microbiology, Federal University of Technology, Minna, Niger State, Nigeria. It makes excellent firewood. Indian jujube can be grown in semi-arid and arid regions as it thrives under very dry conditions. 26 Habits of wild Z. mauritiana from Bekol savanna, Baluran Nat. (Eds. Effect of natural browse fodder availability on feeding behaviour of goats. Chopra RN, Chopra IC. 19, Authors: Recent assessment of the use of browse species by cattle and small ruminants in Burkina Faso showed that Indian jujube, together with Balanites aegyptiaca and Acacia spp. Redwood Books, Wiltshire, (2001), 38, 15, 20, 34, 45, 52–58. Rur. The insoluble ash was collected on an ash less filter paper and washed with hot water. It starts bearing fruits 6-8 years after planting, and yield increases until the tree is 15-20 years old (Ecocrop, 2013). The powder was spread as a fine, even layer on the bottom of the crucible. Pareek OP. Bei der Gesamtbewertung fällt viele Eigenarten, um relevantes Ergebniss zu sehen. (Rhamnacées) sur la pression artérielle du lapin. 3rd Int. Ethanol was taken from BDH England. Ziziphus mauritiana leaves were obtained from a local market of Bahawalpur, Pakistan. Park, Indonesia Fig. Ziziphus mauritiana leaf Bark black, vertical furrows.Spines paired, one straight, other hooked. Mineral status of goats in relation to common tree leaves fed in the Akola district. Ziziphus spina-christi, Christus Dorn Jujube 20 Samen Es dauert in der Regel um 1-4 Wochen Zeit zum Handeln nach Artikel ausgelöst wurde. Occasionally grows into a small tree but usually flowers and fruits as a shrub. Leaves of Indian jujube are readily eaten by camels, sheep, goats and cattle (Azam-Ali et al., 2006; Tewatia et al., 2002). The insoluble matter was collected on ash less filter paper and washed with hot water. Cultivated jujubes are thus ideal for planting in sites unfit for other crops, such as marginal or degraded areas, provided that the right genotypes are selected for alkali or sodic soils (Hebbara et al., 2002; Dagar et al., 2001). In: Williams et al. Les rameaux sont pubescents devenant glabres, gris ou blanchâtres, avec des entre-nœuds espacés de moins de 1 cm. A spacing of 5-6 m or 8-9 m is often used (Latiff, 1991). J. Ziziphus mauritiana is a spiny, evergreen shrub or small tree up to 15 m high, with trunk 40 cm or more in diameter; spreading crown; stipular spines and many drooping branches. J. Very recently anti-obesity effect of Ziziphus jujusba leaf extract has been indicated in rats fed on high fat diet23. was collected in March 2016 from the garden of College of Sciences and Arts at Al-Rass, after verifi cation and authentication by Dr. Wail Elsadig Abdalla (Plant taxonomist), voucher specimen was deposited in the herbarium of the depart-ment of laboratory sciences, College of Sciences and Arts at Al-Rass. Karnataka J. Agric. There are two major domesticated jujubes, Ziziphus mauritiana Lam. Once the fruits have been harvested, the trees must be pruned so that new fruits are produced on the next year shoots. Park, Indonesia Fig. and Pratt R.J., J. American Pharm. Ziziphus mauritiana Lam (Rhamnaceae) is traditionally used in the treatment of various ailments. Indian jujube leaves and fruits contain saponins: in Ethiopia, the fruits are used to stupefy fish and there is probably sufficient saponin for this purpose (Morton, 1987). Ziziphus mauritiana belongs to the family Rhamnaceae and is generally propagated by seeds. Methods: Placebo (base) without any plant extract and formulation with 4 % Ziziphus mauritiana extract were prepared by mixing. Hocking D, Trees for Drylands. Ecology in the management of Indian jujube (, Habib, G.; Raza, M.; Saleem, M., 2008. It is becoming increasingly important for its wide adaptation, easy management, early fruit bearing, value as a food and feed, and multiple uses (Liu et al., 2014). Common Jujube; Apple, Chinee; Indian Jujube; Chinee Apple; Jujube, Common; Jujube, Indian. Qadir, M. ; Tubeileh, A. ; Akhtar, J. ; Larbi, A. ; Minhas, P. S. ; Khan, M. A., 2008. Protein value of some wild and cultivated tree leaves for ruminant livestock. Piot, J. ; Nebout, J. P. ; Nanot, R. ; Toutain, B., 1980. India, (1989), 227 pp. Im Ziziphus ziziphus Vergleich sollte der Gewinner … Indian jujube can be propagated from seeds, or vegetatively, through in situ grafting or budding on to rootstocks. Rhamnus jujuba L., Ziziphus jujuba (L.) Gaertn. (the Indian jujube or ber), and Ziziphus jujuba Mill. In the Sahelian rangeland of Cameroon, dietary preferences were higher for leaves of Ziziphus species, while pods and blossoms of other species were generally preferred (Ngwa et al., 2000). Fig. Le jujubier est un arbuste épineux et sarmenteux atteignant 1 à 2m de haut. Chase C.R. Patel BH, Upadhyay VR, Muralidharan CM, Judal GS, Effect of various insecticides on honey bee, Devi KR, Atluri JB, Reddi CS,Pollination ecology of. Jujube Symp., Brisbane, Australia, Morton, J. F., 1987. Kluwer Academic Publishers in collaboration with International Centre for Research in Agroforestry, Ngwa, A. T. ; Pone, D. K. ; Mafeni, J. M., 2000. The species has a wide range of morphologies from shrubs to small or medium sized trees which might be erect, semierect or spreading. In Australia, Indian jujube may become a weed as it is spread by cattle. A review of work on Indian medicinal plants. The asterisk * indicates that the average value was obtained by an equation. In winter, the shoots and fruit of the trees are an important feed source 7. Approximately 30 million farmers rely on jujube production for their livelihood (Liu et al., 2014). Indian J. Anim. Bark dark grey or dull black, irregularly fissured. Agroforestree Database: a tree reference and selection guide version 4.0. Inflorescence axillary cymes, tomentose. 28 Z. mauritiana Lam. Chemical composition, rumen degradability, protein utilization and lactation response to selected tree leaves as substitute of cottonseed cake in the diet of dairy goats. The bark of Ber tree makes perfect eye drop for curing inflammation. This dense silky underside helps distinguish Indian jujube from Chinese jujube (Ziziphus jujuba Mill.) K. Bhandari 2 and Ramesh Kumar Singh*2, Kota College of Pharmacy 1, Kota, Rajasthan, India, Department of Pharmaceutical Sciences, Jodhpur National University 2, Jodhpur, Rajasthan, India. The amount of fodder (including leaves and fruits) from Indian jujube available to livestock in Sahelian sandy pastures was only 0.5 kg/ha and 14.8 kg/ha in low lying pastures (Sanon et al., 2005). Nitrogen digestibility was significantly lower with Indian jujube, but combining the leaves with urea (10 g/d) markedly increased N retention and is suggested as a cheap and practical way of improving the feed quality for sheep (Habib et al., 2008). Ziziphus mauri tiana leaves for ski n rejuvenation. hysudrica, which is wild or cultivated with large fruit, and var. Evaluating forest and fruit trees for rehabilitation of semiarid alkali-sodic soils in India. Although research on the health effects of plants within the Ziziphus genus is limited, there's some evidence that a number of these plants may offer health benefits. B. Herbal preparations are used for virtually all minor ailments. Sarhad J. C. R. Chimie, 7 (10-11), Ecocrop, 2013. Mature green fruits (unripe) are used in India to prepare chutney, pickle and jelly 2. Evaluation of some tree species for leaf fodder in Tamil Nadu. Ziziphus is a genus of about 40 species of spiny shrubs and small trees in the buckthorn family, Rhamnaceae, distributed in the warm-temperate and subtropical regions throughout the world. Evaluation of Leucaena leucocephala and Ziziphus mauritiana as sources of tannins and their interference with nitrogen utilisation in goats Ber and other jujubes. This was not the case for ruminants (Hansen et al., 2008). improvement of animal prod. Effect of tree leaves with or without urea as a feed supplement on nutrient digestion and nitrogen balance in sheep. Antidiarrhoeal activity of, Depommier, D., 1988. Deswegen beziehen wir beim Vergleich eine möglichst große Anzahl von Faktoren in das Ergebniss mit ein. It has a deep taproot (Morton, 1987). ): 153-155. Leaves, ovate, broad, dark green and shining from above. Effect of varying levels of zizyphus (, Amanullah, M. M.; Somasundaram, E.; Alagesan, A.; Vaiyapuri, K.; Pazhanivelan, S.; Sathyamoorthi, K., 2006. World Agroforestry Centre, Kenya. The procedure was repeated to get constant weight 17. 1952 - 62. Leaves of Ziziphus mauritiana (Fig 1.) In: Abdullah et al. Ziziphus mauritiana (Rhamnaceae), commonly known as Indian jujube, is a pharmacologically diverse medicinal plant. 26 Habits of wild Z. mauritiana from Bekol savanna, Baluran Nat. The upper surface of the leaves is dark glossy green and the lower one is densely hairy (Latiff, 1991; Morton, 1987). In: Fruits of warm climates: 272-275. The chemical compositions of the leaves are proteins & amino acids, flavonoids, alkaloids, glycosides, terpenoides, saponins, fibers, tannins and phenolic compounds. Ziziphus / ˈ z ɪ z ɪ f ə s / is a genus of about 40 species of spiny shrubs and small trees in the buckthorn family, Rhamnaceae, distributed in the warm-temperate and subtropical regions throughout the world. Feed Sci. Palatability and animal preferences of plants in Tehsil Takht-e-Nasrati, District Karak, Pakistan. The trees begins to fruit within 2 years but do not yield sizeable crop before the fourth year (Latiff, 1991). Analysis of the chemicals constituents on a dry weight basis indicates the leaves contain 15.4% crude protein, 15.8% crude fibre, 6.7% total minerals, and 16.8% starch. Ziziphus mauritiana is small to medium sized spiny tree. Fruits and bark are used to make dye and medicinal preparations (Ecocrop, 2013; Orwa et al., 2009). (Eds. J. Ripe fruits are preserved by sun-drying and a powder is prepared for out-of-season purposes. Etude des consistuants des feuilles de Ziziphus mauritania Lam. Ziziphus mauritiana leaves were obtained from a local market, cleaned, dried and ground into powder. Ziziphus lotus L. Res. (Eds). Technol., 154 (3/4): 160-168, Khan, M.; Hussain, F., 2012. Weed * Stem. Pays Trop., 48 (2): 213-219, Orwa, C.; Mutua, A.; Kindt, R.; Jamnadass, R.; Anthony, S., 2009. Phytothérapie, 6: 219-227, Kongmanila, D. ; Preston, T. R. ; Ledin, I., 2008. Management, 15 (2): 115-133, Dahiru, D.; Sini, J. M.; John-Africa, L., 2006. However, the nutritive value of Indian jujube forage ranked poorly in comparison with other forage tree foliage such as Morus alba, Sesbania sesban, Leucaena leucocephala or Streblus asper (Khan et al., 2008). The inclusion of Indian jujube forage at 50% of the DM in a sesame oil meal based diet did not decrease overall intake, but all digestibility parameters were significantly reduced and N retention was lower than with leucaena supplementation (Myint et al., 2010). The experimental works were conducted at Phytochemical Research Laboratory, Department of Pharmaceutical Chemistry, Faculty of Pharmacy, University. Asian-Aust. It is also used to reduce fever formed due to other diseases like small pox, chicken pox and measles. Res., 7 (44): 5858-5872, Khan, N. A.; Habib, G.; Altaf-ur-Rehman; Suleman, M.; Ullah, G., 2012. I. Hydroalcoholic extract was achieved according to Nagappan [12] with some modifications. Where climatic conditions are severe, it is commonly a compact shrub only 3-4 m tall. 27 Z. mauritiana, Mount Archer National Park, Rockhampton Fig. Ziziphus - a multipurpose fruit tree for arid regions . Chinee apple (Ziziphus mauritiana) is a large shrub or small tree (growing up to 10 m tall) with alternately arranged leaves. Tree leaves in the diet of free-ranging ruminants in three areas of Burkina Faso. The results of above parameters show the clue for more medicinal properties of Ziziphus mauritiana. Présentation de Ziziphus mauritiana : noms scientifiques et vernaculaires, statut de protection (listes rouges, réglementations), statut biologique en France Métropolitaine, données historiques et … Fig. In arid areas of Pakistan, Indian jujube is among the preferred plant species by all classes of ruminants (cattle, sheep, goats, camels), and also donkeys, particularly during winter and early spring (Khan et al., 2012a). In cultivated Indian jujube, the spines may be absent (Azam-Ali et al., 2006). The fruit is edible and can be eaten fresh, dried like dates, candyied, salted or pickled (Ecocrop, 2013; Latiff, 1991). Leaves ovate, oblong, elliptic-ovate, or sub-orbicular, 2-9 cm x 1.5-5 cm, slightly oblique at base, obtuse, rounded shortly acuminate at apex, rounded or sub-cordate or entire, serrate, glabrous and dark green above, greyish pale-coloured and densely tomentose beneath; petiole 8-15 mm long, tomentose. The powder was extracted with different solvents ranging from non-polar to polar solvents. They are also used in the treatment of cancer and cardiovascular disorder 15, 16. During hot summers, with temperatures up to 49-50°C, the tree may shed its leaves and stop growing. 28 Z. mauritiana Lam. This could be explained by its low rumen degradability due to the presence of tannins and its subsequent relatively high bypass protein content (Khan et al., 2009). Indian Council of Medical Research, Special Report Series No., All © 2021 are reserved by International Journal of Pharmaceutical Sciences and Research, This Journal licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 3.0 Unported License, Subscribe to YouTube Channel of SPSR PWA Shop Sand Island, Midway Atoll, Hawai'i. Les ligneux fourragers du Nord-Cameroun. Pisha E., Chai H., Lee I., Chagwedera T., Farnsworth N., Cordell G., Beecher C., Fong H., Kinghorn A., and Brown D., Discovery of betulinic acid as a selective inhibitor of human melanoma that functions by induction of apoptosis. The samples were cleaned, air-dried at room temperature for three weeks and ground into fine powder. Kokoshi C.J., Kokoshi R.J. and Sharma P.J., J. American Pharm. It contains 20 to 30% sugar, up to 2.5% protein and 12.8% carbohydrates. The mixture was kept in a dark … The fruit is used as food and to make medicine. were among the preferred species by sheep and goats (Zampaligré et al., 2013). Indian jujube grafted on Ziziphus nummularia can be grown on saline soils (Ecocrop, 2013). The insoluble ash was transferred into silica crucible, ignited for 15 minutes, and weighed. is a shrub or small tree of the dry tropical and subtropical regions that is browsed by livestock. Mineral composition of local tree leaves for feeding sheep and goats in Kohat district of Khyber Pakhtunkhwa. Ziziphus species have relatively high mineral contents, which may alleviate deficiencies during periods of scarcity (Haenlein et al., 2007). Indian jujube (Ziziphus mauritiana Lam.) The leaves are simple, alternate, ovate, and 2-9 cm long with 3 conspicuous longitudinal veins. Ziziphus mauritiana extract showed anticancer, anti-inflammatory and antidiabetic activities 19, 20, 21. In South-East Asia, it is mostly found in Thailand (Latiff, 1991). Dev., 24 (11): 205, Tewatia, B. S.; Khirwar, S. S., 2002. The aim of the current study was to investigate the chemical composition as well as biological (antioxidant, antimicrobial, antitumor and anticancer) attributes of different solvent extracts from the leaves of Ziziphus mauritiana. Indian jujube originated from Central Asia and then spread to North Africa and India through Afghanistan, South China, Malaysia and Australia. Ziziphus mauritiana is a spiny, evergreen shrub or small tree up to 15 m high, with trunk 40 cm or more in diameter; spreading crown; stipular spines and many drooping branches. Forest., 51 (2): 71-75, Njidda, A. (Lam.) Technol., 88 (3-4): 253-266, Niazi, M. R.; Habib, G.; Siddiqui, M. M., 2001. ), Sustain. Nutritive evaluation of ber leaves hay vs. berseem hay in goats In grazing dairy goats, Indian jujube forage used as a potential replacer for cottonseed cake in a low quality diet for 10 weeks had a positive effect on milk yield. TABLE 5: THE BEHAVIOR OF THE LEAVES OF ZIZIPHUS MAURITIANA WITH DIFFERENT CHEMICALS. Anim. The leaves are alternate and elliptic. and Shiv K., Anti-ulcer properties of. In Nigeria, increasing the access time to Indian jujube (from 60 to 120 minutes per day), for Oudah rams on natural pasture, increased both total DM intake (33.2 to 37.9 g/kg LW) and digestible OM intake (36.8 to 40.9 g/kg LW0.75), but slightly decreased digestibility (53 to 52%). Zizyphus is a shrub or small tree. Chinese jujube and Indian jujube are widely cultivated with a total growing area of over 2 million hectares with an annual production of over 6 million t of fruit. 27 Z. mauritiana, Mount Archer National Park, Rockhampton Fig. It is a minor source of pollen for bees (Orwa et al., 2009). The twigs and leaves of Ziziphus mauritiana were collected from Selangor. The branches are numerous and drooping. Leaves are used in the treatment of diarrhoea, gastric disorder, fever, liver damage and pulmonary disorders. Rev. Nutritive evaluation of some tree leaves from Bangladesh for feeding ruminant animals. The leaves and twigs of most Ziziphus species, including Ziziphus mauritiana, can be used as nutritious fodder for livestock. 24 Indian jujube branch habit Fig. Ziziphus Mauritiana - Die ausgezeichnetesten Ziziphus Mauritiana auf einen Blick Meinungen von Konsumenten über Ziziphus Mauritiana. Many other biological and pharmacological properties of Ziziphus mauritiana are yet to come. These two species have been cultivated over vast areas of the world. Azam-Ali S, Bonkoungou E, Bowe C, deKock C, Godara A, Williams JT. Utilization of ber ( Ziziphus mauritiana Lam.) Ziziphus mauritiana Lam (Rhamnaceae) is traditionally used in the treatment of various ailments. Briefly, 20 grams of powder were macerated with 88% ethanol (5 volumetric parts) and water (5 volumetric parts). Indian jujube. Also, as Indian jujube leaves are eaten by ruminants, it can be assumed that they are a suitable forage for rabbits. Alle Ziziphus ziziphus im Blick . Contribution of browse to ruminant nutrition across three agro-ecological zones of Burkina Faso. Sci., 15 (1): 94-98, Khan, M. J.; Drochner, W.; Steingass, H.; Islam, K. M. S., 2008. Individual herbal medicines in developing regions vary considerably, healers in each region have learned over centuries which local herbs have medicinal worth 1. Department of Pharmaceutical Sciences, Jodhpur National University, Jodhpur, Rajasthan, India, DOI: It is browsed by livestock and its leaves are nutritious fodder for sheep and goats (Ecocrop, 2013; Orwa et al., 2009; Nair, 1993). In Laos, Indian jujube offered ad libitum to male goats resulted in lower feed intake, nutrient intake and apparent digestibility compared to erythrina, jackfruit and kapok (Kongmanila et al., 2008).