[citation needed] It was located just to the south of the Kyiv City, beyond which were located territories of the Cave Monastery (Kyiv-Pechersky) along the Dnipro River. Main Edition of Ukrainian Soviet Encyclopedia. [13][14] Mass rallies for political candidates, however, have attracted large numbers, with the 2009 "Batkivshchyna" party congress (during which Yulia Tymoshenko was nominated as a candidate for president) being a notable example that brought nearly 200,000 people to the square. Similar Images . In 1876, the Kyiv City Duma building was built here, and the area became known as the Dumskaya Ploshchad (Duma Square). The most known one was the Orange Revolution in 2004 and the recent revolution in 2014 – the whole world could see this place in the news then. In the 1830s, the first wooden dwellings were built on the site, and in the 1850s stone buildings appeared. The most famous Ukrainian writer, Taras Shevchenko lived in that area in 1859, in a building between Mala Zhytomyrska (Little Zhytomyr) and Mykhailivska vulytsia (Michael's Street). To better understand what happened in those days, it is highly recommended to watch the documentary, “Heaven’s Hundred”, which has the option of subtitles in English. Independence Square is one of three squares located along Khreshchatyk, close to the northeastern end of the street. The Maidan as it was known as "Soviet Square", circa 1930. ‘Maidan’ is a word that is now synonymous with Ukraine’s latest self-organized movement and the values that inspired it. One of the eminent activists during that time became Paraska Korolyuk. Independence Square (Ukrainian: Maidan Nezalezhnosti) in Kiev was the centre of these protests. Those gates are also mentioned in 1151, and around them lived the Polish population of the city, Lacka Sloboda. It really is a must do on any Kiev itinerary. After the Orange Revolution, Maidan Nezalezhnosti continues to attract political protesters, but no protest related event has ever approached the scale of the Orange protests. Admire famous statues including the Founders of Kyiv Monument and the monument to St Andrew the Apostle. This image is available for licensing for a variety of editorial and commercial uses in publications, designs, web and social media. "Maidan Nezalezhnosti: Everything will be not so" in, Tchaikovsky National Music Academy of Ukraine, building of the Trade Unions Federation of Ukraine. During the Soviet period, the square was used for demonstrations and parades in honor of May 1 (until 1969), Victory Day and the October Revolution. Add to Likebox ... #135042658 - Aerial view of Kyiv city, center district with Maidan Nezalezhnosti,.. By Alex Maxim (Oleksiy Maksymenko). Royalty-free stock photo ID: 306231620. Maidan Nezalezhnosti, Kiev, Ukraine, Eastern Europe. Underneath the square, the Obolonsko–Teremkivska line of the Kyiv Metro stretches across with its station Maidan Nezalezhnosti located underground. KYIV, UKRAINE - MAY 31, 2020 - A fountain functions in front of the statue of Saint Michael the Archangel and the renovated Trade Unions building in Maidan Nezalezhnosti as seen on Kyiv Day, Kyiv, capital of Ukraine. The column is faced with white Italian marble that stands on a pedestal in the form of a Christian temple of Ukrainian Baroque. Maidan Nezalezhnosti (Ukrainian: Майдан Незалежності [mɐjˈdɑn nezɐˈlɛʒnosʲtʲi], literally "Independence Square") is the central square[1] of Kyiv, the capital city of Ukraine. Most notably, Christmas Fairs and New Year celebrations were moved to Sofiyivska Square.[3]. Compare Avestan maiδya, Sanskrit मध्य (madhya) and Latin medius. #101791792 - Statue of an angel made of copper and gold plated standing on.. The Military Tour - Visit Motherland Statue, National World War II Museum, Maidan Nezalezhnosti and Euromaidan. Maidan Nezalezhnosti is the central square of Kiev, the capital city of Ukraine. Media in category "Monument of Independence (Kiev)" The following 141 files are in this category, out of 141 total. It was architecturally integrated with the newly constructed Khreshchatyk in the typical (for the time) neo-classical Stalinist architecture. The Kyiv City Duma is seen in the centre. Add an extended license. Following his election as the President of Ukraine, and after taking the official oath in the parliament, Yushchenko took a public oath at Maidan Nezalezhnosti in front of his numerous supporters. Visiting Chernobyl, the nuclear power plant whose 1986 explosion was one of the world’s worst radio-ecological disasters, isn’t permitted unless by guided tour. The name comes from the location where the protesters gathered – the Maidan Nezalezhnosti (Independence Square) – which is a central space in Kyiv and a place with a long history of civic and political action. The Process of Politicization: How Much Politics Does a Society Need? In 1976-77, as a part of metro construction, much of the square was again rebuilt, and it was renamed October Revolution Square (Ploshcha Zhovtnevoyi revolyutsii). Two metro stations, Kreschatik and Maidan Nezalezhnosti, are also situated nearby. Maidan Nezalezhnosti (literally: the Independence Square) is the heart of the modern Kyiv, its main and the most beautiful square that has become the symbol not only of the Ukrainian capital, but of the whole country.Being significantly transformed in the last ten years, it turned into the favourite walking place of Kyiv's locals and its numerous guests. In 1919, the square was renamed Soviet Square. The Act established Ukraine as an independent state. Statue in Maidan - Kiev - Ukraine (26898026612).jpg 2,736 × 3,648; 2.76 MB Ukraine-Kyiv-Maidan Nezalezhnosti-Mamai monument.JPG 2,288 × 1,712; 814 KB Майдан незалежностi. [citation needed] Also the "Hlobus" mall is situated underneath the square. Independence Monument is a victory column located on Maidan Nezalezhnosti (Independence Square) in Kyiv and is commemorated to the Independence of Ukraine. The square was the site of Euromaidan protests beginning in November 2013, progressing to violent clashes, fires, and ending in the February 2014 Ukrainian revolution. As a model of the Berehynia statue, the author Anatoliy Kushch chose his daughter, American artist Christina Katrakis. protests,[6][7][8][9] especially since similar tactics were commonly used by local authorities throughout Ukraine. Select from premium Maidan Nezalezhnosti of the highest quality. Take in popular landmarks such as Askold’s Grave, the Golden Gates, the National Opera of Ukraine and UNESCO–listed St Sofia Cathedral. Independence square reminded us a lot of Russia – grand statutes and big expensive spaces. Until the early 19th century, the area was a low-lying vacant ground known as Goat Swamp (Kozyne Boloto). These include Architect Horodecki Street, Institute Street, Michael Street, Kosciol Street, Minor Zhytomyr Street, Sophia Street, Taras Shevchenko Lane, and Boris Hrinchenko Street. During weekends, the streets surrounding the square are closed and it all becomes a festival full of musicians and street performers. It is situated close to European Square, which is the terminal end of Khreshchatyk. It has similar forms in Urdu میدان (maidān), and its source, Persian میدان (meydân, "town-square or central place of gathering"), from Arabic مَيْدَان (maydān), itself an Iranian borrowing ultimately from Proto-Indo-European *médʰyos. During the 2013 Euromaidan events, riot police used force against students that drove mass demonstrations the very next day. At the lower end of Sofiivska vulytsia (Sofia Street), which led to the High City, stood one of the three main gates of Old Kyiv (Yaroslav's City), the Lyadski Gates; the other two were the Golden Gates and Zhydivski Gates. The square was fenced off for construction and became inaccessible for the protesters and many observers claimed that the main goal of the project ordered by the city mayor was to disrupt the Maidan is a Ukrainian word for "square, open space", with widely used equivalents in the Middle East and South Asia to refer to an open space in or near a town, used as a parade ground or for events such as public meetings. At Maidan Nezalezhnosti metro station, there are bronze plaques on the walls dedicated to 1917, a remnant from when this was October Revolution Square station. The monument itself is a column with a figurine of a woman (Berehynia) with guelder-rose branch in her arms. Kyiv 1982, Aristova, Natalia. The statue is made of a cast bronze and weighs about 20 tons. Independence Monument is a victory column located on Maidan Nezalezhnosti (Independence Square) in Kiev and is commemorated to the Independence of Ukraine. In December, protesters in Kiev took down a statue of Vladi­mir Lenin, one of many Soviet-era monuments to fall in Ukraine. Flickr photos, groups, and tags related to the "maidannezalezhnosti" Flickr tag. Trade-Unions House was severely damaged during the fire in February 2014, so later it went through a reconstruction. Kyiv: Encyclopedic Handbook. The square received its current name in 1991, in the aftermath of the Declaration of Independence of Ukraine and the collapse of the Soviet Union. The protests against electoral fraud resulted in an additional round of presidential elections being ordered by the Supreme Court of Ukraine, which were won by the opposition candidate, Viktor Yushchenko. Sometime during the 18th century, the new Pecherski Gates were erected; they stood until 1833. Instytutska Street is to the far left. [15] The square was covered in protesters all day and night since 1 December 2013. Similar Images . Thousands of new, high-quality pictures added every day. Until the 10th century, the future square's site, as well as the rest of Khreshchatyk, was called Perevisyshch. Besides Khreshchatyk, which splits the square in half, several other streets lead to the square. Development rapidly intensified after the mid-19th century, when the territory gradually became the commercial center of Kyiv, which underwent an immense boom during the Russian Industrial Revolution, becoming the third most important city in the Russian Empire. One of the city's main squares, it is located on Khreshchatyk Street in the Shevchenko Raion. Royalty-Free photo of Archangel Michael sculpture over blue sky. Coordinates: .mw-parser-output .geo-default,.mw-parser-output .geo-dms,.mw-parser-output .geo-dec{display:inline}.mw-parser-output .geo-nondefault,.mw-parser-output .geo-multi-punct{display:none}.mw-parser-output .longitude,.mw-parser-output .latitude{white-space:nowrap}50°26′58″N 30°31′32″E / 50.449444°N 30.525444°E / 50.449444; 30.525444, CS1 maint: BOT: original-url status unknown (, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Independence_Monument,_Kyiv&oldid=984274606, CS1 maint: BOT: original-url status unknown, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, This page was last edited on 19 October 2020, at 06:11. Where does the key to political change lie in the post-Soviet space? Find Kievukraine11 March2018maidan Nezalezhnosti Square Kyivoverhead Drone stock images in HD and millions of other royalty-free stock photos, illustrations and vectors in the Shutterstock collection. In the autumn of 1990, students' protests and hunger strikes also known as the Revolution on Granite at the Maidan resulted in the resignation of the Chairman of the Cabinet of Ministers of the Ukrainian SSR Vitaliy Masol.[11][12]. A line from the Kyiv tram, the first electric tram built in the Russian Empire (opened 1892) reached the square in 1894. During the first couple of years after the war, the square was completely rebuilt from scratch. Things to do near Maidan Nezalezhnosti on Tripadvisor: See 27,883 reviews and 50,081 candid photos of things to do near Maidan Nezalezhnosti in Kyiv (Kiev), Ukraine. The tree, which had become a symbol of anti-government resistance, was at that time decorated with a poster of jailed opposition leader Yulia Tymoshenko and scrawled with graffiti opposing President Viktor Yanukovich. Future developments of the square include the demolition of the old "Ukrayina" hotel (formerly hotel "Moskva"), and building a new 68-floor building instead. During the Orange Revolution in late 2004, Maidan Nezalezhnosti received global media coverage, as hundreds of thousands of protesters gathered in the square and nearby streets, and pitched tents for several weeks, enduring the cold and snow. You can’t come to Kiev without visiting Maidan Nezalezhnosti, known in English as Independence Square Kiev. This full-day Maidan Nezalezhnosti: The Main square - See 1,733 traveller reviews, 2,177 candid photos, and great deals for Kyiv (Kiev), Ukraine, at Tripadvisor. Sign in Sign up for FREE Prices and download plans Kropyvnytskyi, Kremenchuk and Odessa have "Independent Squares" named Ploshcha Nezalezhnosti (using the more familiar ploshcha rather than maidan for "square"). A mostly underground shopping mall called Hlobus was built under the square to replace the old and shabby giant underpass formerly dubbed by Kyivans as "Truba" (the Tube). Maidan Nezalezhnosti at night. The newly constructed Kyiv Central Post Office and Trade-Union House with its high-rise clock located in the square, is very well known and frequently appears in pictures of the center of the city. The Lyadksi Gates were destroyed during the storm of city by the Mongol army of Batu Khan in 1240. Maidan Nezalezhnosti (Independence Square) is the very center of Kiev and the place where the main events in the city happen. [citation needed]. "Revolution on Granite". The height of the monument is 61 m (200 ft).[2]. Following the construction, the old familiar look of the square, with its many fountains, was significantly altered and the public reaction to the new look of the square was mixed at first. In 1913, in front of the City Duma, a monument of Pyotr Stolypin (who was assassinated in Kyiv in 1911) was constructed, and it stood there until March 1917 at the dawn of the Revolutionary war within the Empire. [16][17][18] The 2014 Ukrainian revolution of the following month led to more than 100 people perishing.[19]. The competing proposal of Liberty Square (Ploshcha Svobody) was raised at the time as well as in the years to follow, but the current name commemorating the Ukrainian independence is now firmly associated with the square (see the section below). Since the start of Ukraine's independence movement in 1990, the square has been the traditional place for political rallies, including four large-scale radical protest campaigns: the 1990 student "Revolution on Granite", the 2001 "Ukraine without Kuchma", the 2004 Orange Revolution, and the 2013–14 Euromaidan. After Ukraine's independence in 1991, the square was given its current name. View of Maidan from the Hotel Moscow, September 1991 (after the August 1991 Declaration of Independence of Ukraine). Statue of Berehynia on the top of Independence Monument on the Maidan Nezalezhnosti in Kiev, Ukraine Includes our standard license. Archangel Michael Sculpture at Independence Square (Maidan Nezalezhnosti, Khreschatyk), Kiev, Ukraine. In the 2000s, the biggest political protests in Ukraine, such as the Ukraine without Kuchma campaign and the Orange Revolution took place in this square. Stylistically it presents a mix of Ukrainian Baroqueand Empire style. The word also was borrowed into neighboring Turkic languages, as in the Crimean Tatar and Turkish meydan, which are the likely sources of the borrowing into Ukrainian. One of the fountains of the square is decorated with statues of legendary brothers Kie, Schek, Horiv and their sister Libed. Maidan protests Ukrainian protesters smash a statue of Vladimir Lenin in Kyiv's Maidan (Independence Square) in 2013. [2] Maidan is also a regular site for non-political displays and events, however since 2014 most of them were moved to Sofiyivska Square or elsewhere, because making entertainment on a place where people were killed during Euromaidan was considered inappropriate. During the reconstruction, the massive cubist monument to commemorate the 60th anniversary of the October Revolution was put up as was the complex ensemble of fountains. Add to Likebox #86774729 - KIEV , UKRAINE - JUNE 05 : The Maidan Nezalezhnosti in Kiev Ukraine.. Editorial. Find the perfect Maidan Nezalezhnosti stock photos and editorial news pictures from Getty Images. The company AERO3Dengineering in 2019 year was developed 3D model Independence Monument. The Act of Declaration of Independence of Ukraine was adopted by the Ukrainian parliament on 24 August 1991. [10] However, by now the square's monument to Kyi, Schek and Khoryv, the legendary founders of Kyiv, the folklore hero Cossack Mamay, the city's historic protector Archangel Michael as well as a more modern invention, the protecting goddess Berehynia, and the many glass domes are easily recognisable as parts of the modern city centre. All streets in the centre seem to spill into maidan Nezalezhnosti, and with them spills a cross-section of Kyiv life: vendors selling food and souvenirs; teenagers carousing under the watchful gaze of winged-angel statues; skate rats and snake charmers; lovers and bums. It has similar forms in Urdu میدان (maidān), and its source, Persian میدان (meydân, "town-square or central place of gathering"), from Arabicمَيْدَان (m… City squares called Maidan Nezalezhnosti are also found in Khmelnytskyi[4] and Sumy. CREATIVE. In the 19th century, the square contained buildings of the city council and noble assembly. The body was found hanging inside the cone-shaped tubular steel construction on Kyiv's Independence Square. People in this image are local people of Kiev. Gold plated bronze statue isolated against a blue sky. [1], Stylistically it presents a mix of Ukrainian Baroque and Empire style. The square received its current name in 1991, in the aftermath of the Declaration of Independence of Ukraine and the collapse of the Soviet Union. Until 1871, it was called the Khreshchatitskaya Ploshchad (Khreshchatyk Square); it was a location for the local market and folk entertainment. Statue of Berehynia on the top of Independence Monument on the Maidan Nezalezhnosti in Kiev, Ukraine The square has been known under many different names, but often it is called simply Maidan ("square"). At ground level is the intersection of Khreshchatyk, which splits Institute Street (vulytsia Instytutska), and Michael Street (vulytsia Mykhailivska). 300 thousand museum exhibits. Prices and download plans . The monument was built in a compositional center of the square to the 10th Anniversary of the independence of Ukraine in 2001. In 2001, as the square was the major center of the "Ukraine without Kuchma" mass protest campaign, the new extensive construction of the area was abruptly ordered by the Kyiv mayor of the time, Oleksandr Omelchenko. [5] Statue of the Kiev founders in the Independence Square , during the riots of 2013-2014. Maidan Nezalezhnosti: Watch the Netflix documentary before going - See 1,732 traveler reviews, 2,176 candid photos, and great deals for Kyiv (Kiev), Ukraine, at Tripadvisor. The statue itself is so impressive that, ... Maidan Nezalezhnosti. It is located on the Khreshchatyk Street. Photos of October 1990, Update: Yanukovych vetoes tax code after protests, Students in Ukraine threaten indefinite national strike, Students from various cities across Ukraine are joining the protests, Protests continue in Kyiv ahead of Vilnius EU summit, In Ukraine, Protests Highlight 'Generational Rift', Ukraine: tension in Kyiv as pro and anti government protesters hold rallies, Ukraine opposition demands leader resign after EU snub, "Dead man found hanging on Kiev's Independence Square - police", https://web.archive.org/web/20170315183447/http://www.independent.co.uk/news/world/europe/ukraine-protests-police-forced-to-abandon-kiev-conference-centre-to-opposition-as-presidents-latest-9090559.html, "Police: Dead body found hanging on New Year tree in Kyiv", Ukraine accuses Russia over Maidan 2014 killings, International reactions to the Euromaidan, List of people killed during the 2014 Ukrainian revolution, Agreement on settlement of political crisis in Ukraine, Ukraine–European Union Association Agreement, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Maidan_Nezalezhnosti&oldid=995526116, Articles containing Ukrainian-language text, Articles with Ukrainian-language sources (uk), Articles containing Persian-language text, Articles with text in Indo-European languages, Articles containing Avestan-language text, Articles containing Sanskrit-language text, Articles containing Turkish-language text, Articles with unsourced statements from November 2014, Wikipedia articles with WorldCat-VIAF identifiers, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, 1941: Council (Parliament) Square (Dumska ploshcha), 1943: Kalinin Square (Ploshchad Kalinina), "Hlobus" ("Globe") underground shopping mall, This page was last edited on 21 December 2020, at 14:51. The square itself is a multi-level location. As the central Kyiv square, following the end of Soviet era the Maidan has been the centre of public political activity. From 1935, it was called Kalinin Square, after Mikhail Kalinin, the first chairman of the Supreme Soviet of the USSR. Book your tickets online for Maidan Nezalezhnosti, Kyiv (Kiev): See 1,735 reviews, articles, and 2,185 photos of Maidan Nezalezhnosti, ranked No.28 on Tripadvisor among 670 attractions in Kyiv (Kiev). Maidan Nezalezhnosti after a 2002 renovation, in the exact spot where the City Duma once stood. Independence Monument Independence Monumentis a victory columnlocated on Maidan Nezalezhnosti(Independence Square) in Kyivand is commemorated to the Independence of Ukraine. Christian temple of Ukrainian Baroque fountains of the square to the Independence of Ukraine was adopted by Mongol... ] the square was covered in protesters all day and night since 1 2013... 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